Return on Capital Employed: Everything that you should know about it

There is no doubt that the prime business goal is to earn money in the market. However, profit earning is every business’s major objective, but it can be only achievable if the company have highly effective. Optimizing and effective the funds of the company and capitals, which leads toward better efficiency and that affects the profitability of the company. This is an also important aspect where the company needs to set its benchmark their performance against others in the field. For that, the company needs to have a tool which can help in getting the performance measures base on every year. Well, this financial tool is known as ROCE (Return on Capital Employed).

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE):


ROCE or Return on capital employed helps the business to get the measures regarding their performance and efficiency. It is also used for comparing companies who work in the same fields. Well, this is a profitability ratio measures the return or profit on a particular company, and it’s earning from their capital employed in the form of percentages. It is used to understand the business entity and its profitability as well as efficiency in the market.

ROCE also a profitability ratio for the long term, which shows the performance of assets while taking other financing fir long terms in consideration. However, ROCE is based on calculations in which capital employed and operating profile are two important ones.  Also, Net profit is also called earnings before interest and taxes or EBIT.

Capital employed is a complex term because it can be used for refereeing a different kind of ratios. However often it is used for the company’s total assets, deducting the current liabilities.

Formula and Example:

ROCE can be calculated by using its formula, which is:

ROCE = Net operating profit / Employed capital

Also, if you don’t get the employed capital or in the financial statement, you can also calculate it on your own. It can be done by deducting current liabilities from the total asset. Well then, the formula is:

ROCE = Net operating profit / Total asset – current liabilities

For example, If the company is earning a net profit of $100,000 during the year. Where the total asset is $100,000 and current liabilities is $25,000

The calculation will be:

1.33 = $100,00 0/ $100,000 – $25,000

That means the company is getting a profit of $1.33 on its employed capital.


Well, ROCE shows the profit that every dollar invested in employed capital is generating. That means if the numbers are high, then it’s a favorable situation. For example, if the return shows that 0.2 for every dollar in capital employed is invested, then the company is getting 20 cents in profits

Also, the investors will be interested in knowing about the company and how efficient they can use it for their strategies for long terms. The returns in companies must be high always at which the company is getting the fund their assets. If there is a company who is borrowing at 10 percent, but they are only getting 5 percent return, then it simply means that the company is facing losses.


Natraj Studied bachelor's degree in finance and business from Telangana University, Nizamabad. A Writer based In India, He has a degree in Charted Accounts and has very knowledgeable in credit repair and Banking Sectors. So, I decided to start a blog and share my knowledge to the visitors.

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